At the International Forum in Leipzig Germany, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD ) presented a study alarming that the air pollution in urban areas, costs 3.600 billion (about 2.600 billion) and kill 3,500 million people annually in industrialized countries.
The annual cost of air pollution in urban areas is in amounts to 3.600 billion. In the 34 OECD countries the cost of pollution reaches $ 1.700, amount plus $ 500 billion for China and $ 500 billion for India, and if governments around the world will not take action, the costs will be increasingly what higher, " the report said.
According to the OECD, premature deaths caused by air pollution amounts annually to 3,500 million, and the trend is growing. In OECD countries, road transport is responsible half of the cost of pollution.
The organization points out that diesel vehicles produce the most harmful emissions and critical policies favoring this type of transport.
From the point of view of environmental protection, there is no reason to charge less diesel than gasoline. Elimination of tax incentives for diesel could reduce effects of pollution permitting, including reducing climate change, "said Angel Gurria, Secretary General of the OECD.
Findings of the report is more than worrying about costs becoming higher with treating diseases caused by air pollution, Gurria emphasized.
We estimate that in the 34 OECD countries, the costs of illness and premature deaths are increasing by 10 % between 2005 to 2010 reaching $ 1.7 trillion in 2010 dollars. It is an alarming figure. In Germany, for example, air pollution costs amount to $ 150 billion in 2010, equivalent to half of the total costs of health care at government level, " said Gurria.
Premature deaths caused global air pollution in the period 2005-2010.
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