CO2 emissions of cars sold in Europe fell by almost 4% in 2013, reaching at 127g/km, according to data recently published by the European Environment Agency (EEA), which announced that the emission reduction target was achieved with two years earlier.
European Federation of Transport & Environment (T & E) recognizes the progress made by car manufacturers to reduce emissions responsible for climate change. However, data on fuel efficiency and emissions shows that the official numbers do not match.
Fuel consumption achieved by the drivers in traffic is 25% higher than the reports submitted by automakers, say representatives of the European Federation of Transport & Environment (T & E).
This means that while new cars consumed an average of 5 l / km in tests conducted in 2013, the road was 6.25l/km their consumption, raising fuel costs € 350 per year for a regular driver.
The significant difference between the CO2 emissions of cars on the roads and those reported in the tests is given by the fact that car manufacturers handling test procedures exploiting loopholes and outdated testing flexibility to highlight the environmental quality of the machines.
Suppliers of industrial test vehicle prepared using a number of tricks to minimize the results, for example: insulation cracks around doors and grilles, over-inflating tires, wheels and brake adjustment, the use of special lubricants, minimizing vehicle weight, Temparature testing unrealistically high on super smooth tracks.
Tests for T & E show that in normal circulation in the absence of these tricks, CO2 emissions are on average higher by 25%.
Fuel efficiency standards are only effective policy in Europe to reduce CO2 emissions, but are undermined by outdated tests. Test procedures are full of loopholes that the carmakers exploit to exaggerate progress on the issue of emissions and fuel economy, "said Greg Archer, clean vehicle project manager of T & E.
Test system exceeded
The current European system testing fuel efficiency and CO2 emissions of its object. It was now developed more than 40 years and currently retains little relation to driving conditions and current technologies. For this reason, almost half of the "progress" made in reducing emissions in the range 2007-2011 was untrue on the road.
The European Commission intends to introduce a new testing system in 2017 - "World Light Duty Test Procedure (WLTP). This measure was strongly supported last year by MEPs. However, the new system is facing fierce opposition to automobile manufacturers seeking to delay its introduction until after 2021.
EU Member States should support the European Commission through the rapid introduction of new tests to stop the car manufacturers to mislead customers and to bypass regulations, "said Greg Archer.
EU regulations on CO2 emissions require automobile manufacturers to limit emissions to a maximum of 130 grams CO2 per kilometer by 2015 and to 95 grams by 2021. Handling tests contributed to achieving the 2 years earlier.
The intention is to move to the new cycle WLTP using a conversion factor to adjust the target for 2021, so as to reflect the strictness of the original target but without requiring any additional effort from car manufacturers.