As usual, the authorities in an attempt " to reconcile the goat, and cabbage " fail rather and " kill " the goat, and cabbage !
The issue of subsidizing green energy is one not only of Romania, but the entire European Union. Environmental rules sel f- imposed by Brussels managed to make uncompetitive on the world market a range of industries, which ultimately means economic problems and unemployment.
In these circumstances, the Commission decided to exempt certain industries from payment of part of the subsidy for renewables. These days should be published a guide containing both exempt industries and exemption amount. Already talking about 61 industries that would be exempted from a maximum of 80% of the support green energy.
Romanian companies, especially energy-intensive, such as the metal industry, as " godsend " a discount of 80 % !
The authorities, however, think for a smaller percentages of 50-60 %. In addition, the difference in subsidy would be supported by " renewable ". Which means, basically, that there are no great help consumers or producers of energy from renewable sources. There will kill the " goat and the cabbage " !
Recall the Kyoto Protocol provide for industrialized countries to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by 5.2 % by 2012. Larger competitors were not subject to EU protocol: U.S. did not sign it, and China although a signatory, is considered an emerging country that should not be subject to its provisions.
Instead, the European Union undertook more ambitious targets, some of them translated into legislative package "Energy – Climate Change ," more commonly known as " 20-20-20 ": 2020, member countries must increase their efficiency by 20 %, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20 % and 20 % of energy consumption to come from renewable sources.
Romania has assumed that 24 % of energy will come from renewable sources. To achieve the target, Bucharest has established a scheme, by rates of consumption and green certificates paid by consumers, industry and households. Large hydroelectric renewable even if not subsidized.
Instead the scheme provided for each megawattoră (MWh ) produced and delivered to the national power grid by wind turbines receive two green certificates (GC ), photovoltaics – 6 CV, small hydropower ( MHC ) – 3 CV etc. Green certificates can be traded at a minimum price of 27 euros and a maximum – 55 euro.
In these circumstances, saying that Romania has one of the most generous subsidy schemes renewables during 2011 – 2013 has been a real " explosion " of investment in the field. If at the end of 2009, there were 51 companies that had total installed capacity of 97.5 MW ( including 14 MW wind 75 – MHC and 0.8 MW photovoltaic ), now the number of producers of energy from renewable sources reached 540, and the total installed capacity – at 4,584 MW ( including 2,792 MW in wind, solar and 542 MW in 1149 to MHC ).
Moreover, according to the National Regulatory Authority for Energy (ANRE ), the beginning of 2014 already reached the renewable share assumed for 2020.
Green energy subsidies resulted in the entire European Union, a loss of competitiveness of Community industry !
European manufacturers should include, in addition to the normal costs (raw materials, wages taxes, etc. ) and environmental costs that competitors from the U.S. and China do not have ! In these circumstances, the Europeans risked not only losing export market, but to lose and domestic, that would be overtaken by cheaper products from China and USA. And the result would have been an economic decline in the EU ( not even recovered from the crisis in the years 2007-2008 ), and high unemployment, lower revenues, etc..
" Avalanche" producer "green" resulted and Romanian products less competitive. Big players such as Alro Sidex, Saint Gobain, Lafarge etc spend annually tens of millions of euro on eco – taxes, money traceable to their production costs. How is the international marke , these costs can not be transferred to prices, so that many of them significant losses.
The same thing happens in the entire European Union. Therefore, Brussels has developed a guide that soon will be made public by the large consumers of electricitythat are exempt from paying a portion of the subsidy for renewables. Basically, it's about 61 risk industries relocation ( relocation of activities in countries " without environmental problems," which would mean unemployment in Europe). EU countries may exempt such companies from the payment of 80% of the subsidy for renewables.
These include metallurgy, glass, cement, petrochemical, textile, leather etc. In addition to these, and other industries can qualify if they have demonstrated the high energy intensity of over 25 % and over 4 % of production is export outside the European Union.
Romanian Government consider to exempt large industrial power to pay only 50-60 % of green certificates from a maximum of 80 %, which may be granted under the Regulation to be approved by the European Commission.
" An exemption of 80 % would be too large and too heavy to be borne by producers of renewable energy, obtaining grants from the sale of these green certificates. So we consider only 50-60 % exemption from the obligation to purchase green certificates for a limited number of industrial consumers, possibly 50. Still not taken any decision in this regard ", said the sources mentioned.
Earlier, the President of the Competition Council, Bogdan Chiriţoiu, said the government should consider who will pay to purchase green certificates which will be exempt large industrial consumers. According to him, there are three options: either consumers will bear the rest of the green certificates unpaid industry or budget or renewable energy producers will not receive any money for these certificates.
" We must look to the sectors where they are allowed exemptions and are present in Romania, which are of interest and see what is the cost, how much of an impact, how big relief. We need to see how much we can go with this exemption and who pays the remaining hole, who supports not to get money from renewable energy producers that no longer pay these consumers, "said Chiriţoiu at a conference held at the launch of the report for 2013 of the institution.
"Last week barely squeezed ministry ( Economy – No ) Institute of Statistics data on how many companies are in the industry, so that we can calculate the impact. Either pay the remaining consumers, or budget, or industry sources. Each of these options has drawbacks, "said President of the Competition Council.
It seems the most likely option is that green energy producers to support this exemption from the certificates.
Earlier this month, Prime Minister Victor Ponta asked the Minister of Economy to develop as urgent since April 8 – after the EC will publish the Regulation on support for large industrial consumers – the draft law on aid schemes in this area, so Romania to be among the first European countries to adopt these measures.
" On April 8 published Commission Regulation on support for large consumers. Let's try to apply to as among the first in Europe schemes that support those who create jobs and pay taxes to the budget, " said the Premier.
Exemption for 70 million euros
Sources in the industry said that, by exempting the purchase of 80% of green certificates, consumers in Romania, included in the list of 61 industries announced by the European Union, will save about 70 million euros. Notably, last year about 10 million were issued green certificates and were deferred other CV 2.5 million. At a minimum price of 27 euro / CV, whole green certificates market is worth about 340 million of which would be exempt from paying 70 million for industrial consumers.
" In the industry of Romania falling into this bill savings will be about 70 million, if it goes to 80 % exemption from the obligation to purchase green certificates " mentioned sources cited.
For example, the Company pays annually about 60 million eco-taxes 20 million CHP bonus and 40 million – green certificates. According to sources close Alro, the company had losses previous years, about 25 million / year from these fees. Thus, to survive, the Company may pay a maximum 25-30000000 euro eco- taxes. How cogeneration fixed fee , € 20 million, the Company could pay up to 10 million euros for green certificates. Which means an exemption of 75 % of the amount for green certificates, while the European Union is talking about an exemption of 80 %.
If the exemption is less than 30 million annually, the Company will continue to operate at a loss, which inevitably will lead to the closure of some production !
Not even the renewables aren't getting better
If, initially, Romania had one of the most generous schemes – support for green energy in just one year it has become among the least attractive. The problem is that the new rules also apply to companies that have invested before changing the law. In fact, before the frequent changes in legislation.
Last modification that changes the annual quota of renewable and number of green certificates granted was finally notified in Brussels.
Bogdan Chiriţoiu announced that the Romanian authorities sent the European Commission, two weeks ago, the official notification amending the scheme to promote renewable energy, Law approving the Emergency Ordinance 57/2013 regarding the postponement of the period of 2017-2020 certified green.
Now the turbines receive only one green certificate, another being delayed photovoltaics – 4 CV ( 2 postponed ) and MHC – 2 CV ( one asset).
In addition, by reducing the annual allowance, not only the price of green certificates will tend towards low ( 27 euros), but it will be " inflation" of certificates, many will not sell! How banks have granted loans based on minimum value of certificates, but they will not sell, it is expected that, by the end, some renewable energy producers to not have money to pay loans which will lead to insolvency, unless directly into bankruptcy !
In addition, such a question that nobody pay green certificates will be exempt from the payment of which industrial consumers, " regenerabilii " longer receive an extra kick !
Thus, the exemption will be 50 %, will suffer and industrial consumers and producers of renewable energy !
And just like that, " with only a pen ", authorities will kill the goat and the cabbage also !