Only 10% of Romanians consider that climate change as a major problem worldwide, compared to an EU average of 16 % and the percentage of Swedish concerned about this – 38 %, according to a new study released Monday by the European Commission.
Romanians also are placed between EU citizens that consider the least climate change as a personal responsibility ( 10% compared to an EU average of 25 % and a rate of 57% of Swedish citizens – no).
According to survey, four out of five people in the EU recognize that the economy and jobs may be driven by climate change and by using energy more efficiently. This figure is slightly higher than the last survey conducted in 2011, when 78 % of Europeans had this view.
Several Member States had suffered most during the economic and financial crisis is among the countries where potential climate policies and energy efficiency of economic benefits is recognized in the utmost. In all Member States, at least 65 % of respondents agree with this.
The survey also showed that seven out of ten people agree that reducing fossil fuel imports from outside the EU could bring economic benefits.
You do not have to choose between effective economic policy and climate protection: effective climate policies in terms of costs are indeed an indicator of effective economic policies. I note with satisfaction that Europeans think so. This survey sends a strong signal to EU leaders to take bold climate policies for a sustainable economic recovery. It also represents an encouragement to us in the Commission to continue to promote ambitious climate policy in Europe, " said José Manuel Barroso, EC President.
Main results of the survey
80 % of respondents agree that the economy and jobs may be driven by climate change and by using energy more efficiently, 31% of the respondents strongly agree and 49% tend to agree with this idea.
Countries with the largest number of respondents were in full agreement with the idea are Spain ( 52 % ), Sweden ( 50 % ), Malta ( 44 % ), Ireland and Cyprus ( 43 % ) and Greece ( 42%). The lowest share of respondents who were fully agreed or tended to agree with the idea that was 65 % and in Estonia.
Nine out of ten Europeans think climate change is a serious problem. The vast majority ( 69 %) believe that they are a "very serious " and 21 % – a " very serious problem ".
Only 9 % of respondents believe that climate change is not a serious problem.
On a scale of 1 ( lowest) to 10 ( highest), the seriousness of climate change has been placed at 7.3, a result comparable with 2011 figures (7.4 ) and 2009 ( 7.1 ).
Climate change is considered a very serious problem facing the world, after poverty and economic situation. Half ( 50 % ) of Europeans believe that climate change is among the four most serious problems we face.
Respondents in Sweden ( 39 % ), Denmark ( 30%) and Malta ( 30 % ) were the most willing to consider climate change as the most serious global problem today.
70 % of Europeans agree that reducing fossil fuel imports EU could bring economic benefits of 26% of the respondents strongly agree and 44% tend to agree with this.
Countries with the largest number of respondents were in full agreement with the idea are Spain ( 45 % ), Austria ( 40 % ), Cyprus ( 38 % ), Ireland ( 37 % ), Portugal ( 34%) and Malta ( 34 % ).
Citizens know that climate change has disappeared while their governments were employed to manage the economic crisis. There is no question to choose between growth and competitiveness on the one hand, and climate, on the other hand. It is absolutely necessary to deal with both issues. I hope EU leaders will be responsive and act accordingly in the European Council to be held this month, when they will discuss our proposals for 2030 climate and energy " Connie Hadeggar, European Commissioner for Climate Action.
Europeans support actions in the field of renewable energies
The vast majority of Europeans support national actions in the field of energy efficiency and renewable energy. 92 % of respondents believe it is important for governments to provide assistance to improve energy efficiency by 2030, over half ( 51 % ) of respondents stating that it is "very important ".
Regarding renewable energy, 90 % consider it important that their governments to set targets to increase the use of renewable energy sources by 2030, 49 % of respondents believing that this is "very important ".
50 % of Europeans said they have taken measures to combat climate change in the past six months, which represents a slight decrease from 2011 ( 53%). However, when you were presented with a list of specific actions that you could take and without specifying a certain period, the proportion rose to 89 %, up from 85 % in 2011.
Among the most common measures include waste reduction and recycling ( 69 % ) and trying to reduce the use of disposable items ( 51%).